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Sowing and harvesting time of garlic in China
- Mar 15, 2018 -

For garlic sowing time, the Yangtze River valley and its south area are usually sown in the middle and late September. Garlic is a cool and cold climate. The suitable temperature for the growth of stems and leaves on the ground is 12 - 16 ℃, and the seedling age for overwintering is 4 - 6 leaves. It takes 40 - 50 days from sowing to growing to 4 - 6 leaves. If the daily average temperature is below 7 ℃, the growth will stop.

This time in September, the weather was cool and suitable for garlic seedlings to be unearthed and grown. The planting time of garlic is very important. If the planting time is too early, the garlic seedlings will consume health care and reduce their overwintering ability if they grow too fast before overwintering.

Therefore, sowing around mid - September in the Yangtze River Basin can make the plants grow to 5 - 6 leaves before overwintering. At this time, the plants have strong cold resistance, so they will not freeze to death in cold winter and can lay a good foundation for the plants to pass through vernalization smoothly.

However, if garlic is sown too late, the root system will be weak, the seedlings will be small and the cold resistance will be low, resulting in more deaths during the winter. So garlic must strictly control the sowing date.Then we can get good quality dehydrated garlic flakes, dehydrated garlic granules, dehydrated powder.

Garlic planting should be timely. The planting time is at the end of the millennium and the beginning of autumn ( the end of September and the beginning of October ), and the temperature is about 17 ℃. Sun garlic cloves for 1 - 2 days before sowing.

Garlic cultivation season varies according to the climate in the north and south. In the area south of latitude 35, the average temperature in winter is above - 6 ℃, and garlic seedlings can be sown in autumn because they can overwinter in the open field. In the following summer, the harvest will begin, but in cold regions with high altitude, such as Tibet and Xinjiang, spring sowing is still needed, and the harvest will end in summer and autumn. In the area north of latitude 38, the average temperature in winter is below - 10 ℃, garlic cannot overwinter in the open field, so it is appropriate to sow in early spring and harvest in summer.

But in Xinjiang, such as Yining Red Skin, it can be sown in autumn. In areas between 35 and 38 north latitude, sowing can be done in spring and autumn. The yield of garlic shoots and garlic heads in autumn is higher than that in spring because the growth period is long and nutrients are accumulated more.

The cultivation seasons of garlic in various parts of China are as follows:

( 1 ) Shandong - Jinan

Spring sowing date: mid - February.

Spring sowing and garlic harvesting period: early June.

Autumn sowing date: late September to early October

Autumn sowing and garlic harvesting period: early June of the following year.

( 2 ) Jiangsu

Autumn sowing date: late September.

Autumn sowing and garlic harvesting period: late May of the following year.

( 3 ) Henan

Autumn sowing date: end of September and beginning of October.

Autumn sowing and garlic harvesting period: late May of the following year.

( 4 ) Heilongjiang - Harbin

Spring sowing date: mid - April.

Spring sowing and garlic harvesting period: mid - July.

( 5 ) Jilin - Changchun

Spring sowing date: early April.

( 6 ) Liaoning - Shenyang

Spring sowing date: mid-late March.

Spring sowing and garlic harvesting period: mid - July.

Spring sowing and garlic harvesting period: the first half of July.

Garlic planting all over the country

( 7 ) Shanxi - Taiyuan

Spring sowing date: mid - March.

Spring sowing and garlic harvesting period: from late June to early July.

( 8 ) Beijing

Spring sowing date: early March.

Spring sowing and garlic harvesting period: late June.

Autumn sowing date: mid-late September.

Autumn sowing and garlic harvesting period: mid - June of the following year.

( 9 ) Xinjiang - Urumqi

Spring sowing and garlic harvesting period: the first half of September.

Autumn sowing date: mid-late October.

Autumn sowing and garlic harvesting period: the first half of August of the following year

( 10 ) Sichuan

Autumn sowing date: August - September

Autumn sowing date: early October.

Autumn sowing and garlic harvesting period: early April of the following year.

( 11 ) Guizhou

Autumn sowing date: mid-late August.

Autumn sowing and garlic harvesting period: late June of the following year.

( 12 ) Qinghai

Spring sowing date: mid - April.

Spring sowing and garlic harvesting period: the first half of September.

( 13 ) Anhui

Autumn sowing date: late September to early October.

Autumn sowing and garlic harvesting period: late May of the following year.

( 14 ) Zhejiang

Autumn sowing date: late September to early October.

Autumn sowing and garlic harvesting period: early June of the following year.

( 15 ) Xizang - Lasa

Spring sowing date: mid - March.

Spring sowing and garlic harvesting period: the first half of September.

Autumn sowing date: mid - October.

Autumn sowing and garlic harvesting period: from late August to early September of the following year.

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